In the dynamic world of user experience (UX), originality is always valued. However, inventive designs and solutions shouldn’t make the user’s trip difficult and frustrating. It’s crucial to keep things simple for the audience while UX designers experiment with different ideas so that their overall experience is both enjoyable and useful. The field needs certain guidelines to make the most of unorthodox methods without sacrificing the standard of the experience. Therefore, UX designers must be both imaginative and meticulous.
Depending on the type of product or service, the needs of the users, and the viability of a solution, many design principles and methodologies may be used. For instance, a web manual’s design considerations will differ from those for a mobile application. Similar to how colours are utilised differently in different countries, websites may employ different hues depending on the culture. There are, however, a few fundamental ideas that apply to UX design across the board. These guiding principles must be recognised and taken into account while creating a product or service since they affect the entire design process. These principles will be thoroughly covered in this post, assisting you in improving as a UX designer.
1) User-centred design
Any design should always have the user in mind. It will not be incorrect to state that a design is not fulfilling its purpose if it does not cater to the needs of the users and does not assist them in achieving their objectives. The total design process is critically dependent on a user-centred approach. By adhering to this approach, a designer is not only better able to comprehend the demands of his or her consumers, but also has a solid understanding of what the users’ deal-breakers are. Massive errors can be prevented in this way, benefitting the design as a whole. The demands, desires, and feedback of users are the foundation of the entire discipline of UI/UX design.
2) Visual aspects
Presentation and look are always crucial when users interact with a design. Early in a user’s journey, a product’s appearance and feel have a significant impact that is sure to stick with them. Therefore, in order to make the design appealing, a UI/UX designer needs to have a strong sense of aesthetics.
Arguably the most misunderstood design characteristic is consistency. It’s crucial to give users an experience that leaves them with the same impression throughout while building a product. In these situations, all of the interactions throughout the experience are natural and comfortable. However, consistency has two main components: consistency within the design and consistency with other designs that are similar in the marketplace.
Users want a consistent experience from start to finish whenever they use your product or service, whether it be in digital or physical form. The customers would prefer to have the same icon throughout the programme, for example, if you develop a mobile app and utilise the gear icon for settings. You cannot and should not expect consumers to correctly understand and use a symbol that has been miraculously changed on a single screen. The design should consistently use the same visual aspects, such as colour schemes, icon choices, and text arrangement.
The other, equally significant part of consistency is more concerned with providing users with a comfortable experience. Numerous products used for similar, if not identical, purposes can be found on the market today. For instance, numerous businesses produce laptops, along with diverse models. Therefore, if a laptop model with the space bar on the right side rather than the bottom of the keyboard enters the market in this situation. The likelihood of it failing is very high. The lack of user experience familiarity would be one of the key causes of this. Therefore, even though it is preferable to innovate and do things differently than your competitors, it is never a good idea to present the users with a completely novel experience.
4) Textual aspects
Every design must include text. Textual components are crucial when combined with visual components to effectively communicate the proper message to the right audience. Although UI/UX designers may not be required to create the text, they must still choose where and how to position it so that it fulfils the intended function. In other words, when it comes to how content is presented, the designer has the final say.
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