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The backend is the most important aspect of this setup because it is responsible for carrying out the requests made by the frontend on behalf of the user. And picking the correct backend technology that lets developers construct a sturdy foundation for your software is crucial.

Besides, could you explain the backend for me? What tools do back-end developers use, and how do they vary? What goes into making a web or mobile app’s backend? Our new article has these and many other answers.

What is development on the back end?

It is hard to picture your life without the things you use everyday. You get out of bed, grab your phone, and start reading the news. The frontend is everything you can see on your phone’s screen. The backend is the part of an app that you can’t see.

The frontend is where images, buttons, and animations are shown to the client. Frontend developers often work closely with UI/UX designers because both of their jobs have to do with how applications look and how easy they are to use. How well and accurately the navigation elements, buttons, etc. work depends on them.

The backend is the server side that handles your request when you want to search for something, send a message, download information, etc. In fact, it is the part that users do not see but which they interact and which also has a big impact on how users feel about the site. Backend web development is all about how well a website workd, its logic, infrastructure, architecture, and other things. It is kind of like the tip of the bottom of an iceberg.

The Role of the Backend in Making Web or Mobile Apps

Any software is made for the person who uses it. And the main purpose of the software is to give the user all the functions they need. So, without good backend development, it will be impossible to make an app that works and meets all the needs of potential customers. If you do not hire a backend developer, you would not be able to make software.

Even if the front end is beautiful and draws attention, it does not matter if the application does not work. The backend is in charge of communicating with the database and doing calculations all the time. The performance depends on how well the backend is put together.

During the development process, the most important coding step is done on the backend. So, if there are a lot of crashes and errors, it means there are problems with the code on the backend. But, since languages and frameworks are different, the level of code complexity may depend on the technology chosen. That is why we made a list of backend technologies and compared them.

How Do You Define Backend Technologies?

Back-end solution stacks are collections of individual tools (languages, frameworks, wtc.) that work together to form a unified, functional environment for programming. One needs to use an OS (Android, iOS), a programming language or framework, a web server, etc,. to create a mobile app.

The server side is built for both mobile and web apps. Explain the concept of backend web development. It is the process of developing a website using just localised frameworks and languages. And there is no implementation of cloud-based backend services such as BaaS (backend-as-a-service). To get started, let us focus on a website’s backend stack.

Mean Stack

As a web development framework, MEAN is a reflection of today’s standards. Tools based on JavaScript are used at every step of development. MongoDB (a NoSQL database), Express.js (a backend framework), Angular (a frontend framework), and Node.js (a server-side web application framework) make up the MEAN stack (one of the best backend platforms). With tis infrastructure, programmers may create a fully functional website with only JavaScript.

The MEAN stack has a number of benefits, including the aforementioned speedier creation of the backend component and cost savings fro only needing a couple of JavaScript engineers to design a website. To accomplish this, you would not need to staff a sizable office full of specialists. Mongodb’s quirks are one of the drawbacks; yet, this database is great for moderately sized websites. The fact is that it may cause data loss in large-scale projects when splitting networks.

Sites like YAHOO!, YouTube, Netflix, Reddit, etc. are all examples of websites built on the MEAN stack.

LAMP Stack

The MEAN stack’s main rival. Linux (an OS), Apache ( a web server), MySQL (a database), and PHP (a programming language) from the LAMP stack ( a scripting language). Backend languages such as Perl and Python can sometimes be used in place of PHP in the LAMP stack.

Each item on the list is a crucial part of the stack’s overall structure. Together, they make it possible to create interactive, data-driven websites.

The advantages of LAMP include a safe environment for building websites and applications. Since most content management systems (CMSs) and all hosts offer backend technologies like PHP and MySQL, developers save time by using the LAMP stack.

Given that LAMP is based on open source software, it may be modified and enhanced in real time to suit specific requirements. Not only that, but it is also highly adaptable and simple to set up.

There are some drawbacks to using the LAMP stack for web developments as well. The widespread adoption of the MEAN stack is bad news for LAMP because it is not as efficient as MEAN.

You should also know that the stack only works with Linux, therefore your product can only be used on that OS. When under stress, Apache’s performance might also degrade.

WordPress, Facebook, Tumblr, Wikipedia, etc., are all examples of dites built on the LAMP stack.

MERN Stack

Exactly what makes the MERN stack unique? The first distinguishing feature is that the backend technology stack is identical to the MEAN stack. Second, the frontend framework/library is the sole distinction between the MERN and MEAN stacks.

The MERN stack consists of the following components: the MongoDB database, the Express.js backend framework, the React frontend library, adn the Node.js server. As a result, Angular is no longer necessary and the benefits and drawbacks of the MERN stack are nearly identical to those of the MEAN stack. However, unlike some of the other alternatives to the LAMP stack, MERN does not give the latter an advantage.

Websites like eBay, GitHub, Paypal, Bloomberg, etc., are all examples of the MERN stack in action.

RoR Stack 

The Ruby on Rails framework and the Ruby programming language make up another layer. The RoR stack may also consist of JS libraries like Redux, React, and Backbone.js, a CSS framework like Bootstrap, a database like PostgreSQL or MongoDB, and a DBMS like Redis (database management system).

Since it is free and open-source, RoR has a large and supportive user base, as well as a wide variety of resources. This stack also features a quick application runtime and a high level of security. Ruby is also one of the most practical backend languages, and when combined with the framework, it enables a great deal of design freedom.

For several examples of websites produced with the RoR stack, and an introduction to the benefits of the Ruby on Rails framework, see our article, Websites Built With Ruby on Rails.

When comparing RoR to the aforementioned stacks, it is difficult due to RoR’s distinct characteristics that set it apart from MEAN and LAMP.

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